[rebelmouse-proxy-image https://media.rbl.ms/image?u=%2FeyJ0eXAiOiJKV1QiLCJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8zMTg1MzQxMy9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTY4Mzg3MDA4MX0.SzBFfe5ZjOzwtfkHomjxtMm--sCvRu6AKD1yRePDP28%2Fimg.jpg%3Fwidth%3D1200%26height%3D800%26coordinates%3D0%2C16%2C0%2C17\u0026ho=https%3A%2F%2Fassets.rebelmouse.io\u0026s=301\u0026h=bb30a1a8e07d97c0a4fbd3dbec957fd136808d4f3906987781f8b5b322aff103\u0026size=980x\u0026c=2329874856 crop_info="%7B%22image%22%3A%20%22https%3A//media.rbl.ms/image%3Fu%3D%252FeyJ0eXAiOiJKV1QiLCJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8zMTg1MzQxMy9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTY4Mzg3MDA4MX0.SzBFfe5ZjOzwtfkHomjxtMm--sCvRu6AKD1yRePDP28%252Fimg.jpg%253Fwidth%253D1200%2526height%253D800%2526coordinates%253D0%252C16%252C0%252C17%26ho%3Dhttps%253A%252F%252Fassets.rebelmouse.io%26s%3D301%26h%3Dbb30a1a8e07d97c0a4fbd3dbec957fd136808d4f3906987781f8b5b322aff103%26size%3D980x%26c%3D2329874856%22%7D" expand=1]Archaeologists excavating an ancient cemetery near Cairo have unearthed a 3,200-year-old sarcophagus belonging to a high-ranking official under Ramses II, reports Smithsonian Magazine.Archaeologists describe the sarcophagus as a \u201cdream discovery,\u201d since finding a complete sarcophagus in its original tomb is incredibly rare, reports The Guardian.Ola El Aguizy, emeritus professor of the faculty of archaeology at Cairo University, discovered the sarcophagus in the Saqqara necropolis. The Guardian reports that the sarcophagus is covered in inscriptions dedicated Ptah-em-wia, who headed the treasury of King Ramses II, one of Egypt\u2019s most powerful pharaohs.It took a week just to remove all the sand leading to the burial chamber. El Aguizy\u2019s team used a bucket attached to a hand-operated rope winch. El Aguizy \u201cthen squeezed herself into that bucket and made a dangerous, slow descent down the shaft,\u201d the Guardian details.Ptah-M-Wia\u2019s mummy was not in the sarcophagus. The coffin\u2019s lid was broken; Smithsonian Magazine explains that this suggests grave robbers removed the remains, likely in antiquity. Traces of resin in the sarcophagus indicate that it contained a mummified body at some point, writes Live Science.Archeologists have been excavating Saqqara for several years, and the site has led to a number of notable discoveries. \u201cSaqqara is one of the most important cemeteries, for both royals and non-royals, throughout the millennia of Egyptian history. This Egyptian team has added yet another important chapter to the history of the site,\u201d said Peter Der Manuelian, professor of Egyptology at Harvard University. Manuelian\u2019s forthcoming book, Walking Among Pharaohs: George Reisner and the Dawn of Modern Egyptology is a biography of one of America\u2019s most significant archaeologists and is credited with realizing the importance of Saqqara.Saqqara served as a burial ground for Memphis, the ancient Egyptian capital, for over 3,000 years, explains Smithsonian Magazine. The recent discoveries at Saqqara open \u201ca window into a period late in ancient Egyptian history when Saqqara was at the center of a national revival in pharaonic culture and attracted visitors from across the known world.\u201dThe Guardian reports that National Geographic filmed the discovery while shooting its documentary series Lost Treasures of Egypt.